Vital Pressure Points

Vital Pressure Points

Pressure point

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For other uses, see Pressure point (disambiguation).
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Pressure point (穴位)
Chinese meridians.JPG
Chinese name
Chinese 穴位
[show]Transcriptions
Japanese name
Kanji 急所
Kana きゅうしょ
[show]Transcriptions
Tamil name
Tamil வர்மம் varmam

pressure point (Japanese: kyūsho 急所 ”vital point, tender spot”;[1] Chinese: 穴位; Malayalam: മര്‍മ്മം marmam; Tamil: வர்மம் varmam) in the field of martial arts refers to an area on the human body that may produce significant pain or other effects when manipulated in a specific manner. Techniques of attacks on pressure points are called Hyol Do Bup (Hangul: 혈도법; 穴道法) in Korean martial arts, such as HapkidoSin Moo Hapkido, and Han Mu Do, and kyūsho-jutsu (Japanese: 急所術) in various styles of Japanese martial arts, such as JujutsuAikidoTenjin Shinyō-ryūDaitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu, Kotō-ryū,Gōjū-ryūSekiguchi-ryūYōshin-ryūKuma-ryūKōga-ryūAttsuuten-ryu kempo-jutsu, and Karate.

The concept of pressure points is present in old school (17th century) Japanese martial arts and is claimed to have an even earlier history; in a 1942 article in the Shin Budo magazineTakuma Hisa Sensei asserted the existence of a tradition attributing the first development of pressure-point attacks to Shinra Saburō Minamoto no Yoshimitsu (1045–1127).[2]

Hancock and Higashi (1905) published a book which pointed out a number of vital points in Japanese martial arts.[3]

Exaggerated accounts of pressure-point fighting appeared in Chinese Wuxia fiction and became known by the name of Dim Mak, or “Death Touch”, in western popular culture in the 1960s. One of the best-known uses of pressure-point fighting is known to Trekkies as the “Vulcan nerve pinch.”

While it is undisputed that there are sensitive points on the human body where even comparatively weak pressure may induce significant pain or serious injury, the association of kyūsho with esotericist notions of qiacupuncture, or reflexology is controversial.[4]

Contents

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Types

The nervous system.

There are several types of pressure points – each is applied differently and each creates a different effect. “Pain points”, for example, use tendons, ligaments, and muscles – the goal is to temporarily immobilize the target, or, at the very least, to distract them. Reflex points produce involuntary movements; for example, causing the hand to release its grip, the knees to buckle, the target to gag, or even for the person to be knocked unconscious.[5] Most pressure points are located on pathways on the nervous system.

Pain

Some pressure points produce pain when struck, pressed, or rubbed, depending on the point itself. These points are also referred to as nerve centers. While the distraction of pain might offer sufficient advantage in a fight or escape, the body also has a pain withdrawal reflex, whereby it reacts to pain by moving away from the source.[6] Martial artists can make use of this reflex with minimal effect of Blood and blood pressure

The baroreceptors in the carotid artery are pressure-sensitive, supplying the brain with information to control systemic blood pressure. Pressure against this region will send signals that indicate that blood pressure is too high, leading to a lowering of blood pressure.[7]

Break

There are certain areas which are likely to lead to a break if struck effectively, such as the “floating ribs“, the philtrum, and the side of the knee.

Hyper-extension

There are joints that, when struck, can be hyper-extended and even tear. The striking of these joints is a technique which can cause permanent damage to one’s opponent as well as cause shock damage. There are two types, as follows:

  • Brute force, which, when applied, takes advantage of the vulnerability of the strike point, usually a joint, thereby causing damage.
  • Golgi organ strike, a relatively gentle strike to the Golgi tendon at the back of the elbow, which triggers a reflex that immediately relaxes the tendon, allowing the elbow to bend more easily in the wrong direction. If this is directly followed by a solid strike to the elbow joint, then the elbow can be broken with significantly less effort than it could through brute force.

Concussion

The brain is a sensitive organ which floats in a fluid (cerebrospinal fluid). The fluid itself is a safety mechanism that allows the head to take substantial impact without resulting in concussion, although such an impact could still cause permanent brain damage. However, it is possible to deliver a blow using artful techniques in such a way that even these protections can be effectively eliminated, causing disorientation or instantaneous knockout. The most commonly taught technique involves a strike just below the occipital ridge, at the correct angle, in the correct direction. Another well-known point with this effect is the chin or lower jaw, giving rise to the boxing expression a “glass jaw”.[8]

Energy

Further information: Dim Mak

Some fighter artists[who?] believe that there are energy channels (acupuncture meridians) which allow Qi, or “life-force”, to flow through the body. Acupuncture, for example, is well-known among the practices that use the meridian system. Traditional Chinese medicine practices in general are largely based on the belief that meridians are specific pathway lines in the human body, along which are found many hundreds of acupressure points. According to this belief, attacks can be used to impact the flow of Qi, and, thus, the body. Therefore, pressing, seizing, or striking these points with specific intent and at certain angles is believed to cause either a heightening or a diminishing of Qi circulation in the body.vital points

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This video tape series, featured in the “Product Review” section of the April/May edition of FightSport Magazine (page 98), shows you how to use the American Pressure Point Self Defense System to execute escapes, transitions, and submissions while ground fighting. It features North American Grappling Association Middleweight Champion Mark Corriveau, N.I.P.P.A. President Master Bob Moran, and Sensei Mike Radzicki. Use these tapes to take your ground fighting to a new level!

Supercharging Brazillian Ju Jitsu with Pressure Points

Introduction

This tape is an introduction to “supercharging” Brazilian Jiu Jitsu with pressure points. It stars North American Grappling Association Middleweight Champion Mark Corriveau, Master Robert Moran, President of the National Institute of Pressure Point Arts, and Sensei Mike Radzicki, a certified N.I.P.P.A. pressure point instructor. Among the topics covered are escapes from well-known jiu-jitsu situations, transitions from stalemates, and pressure point submissions. This tape is approximately 60 minutes in length. Escapes from the Mount

This tape focuses on using pressure points to escape when your opponent has you in the mounted position. It stars North American Grappling Association Middleweight Champion Mark Corriveau, Master Robert Moran, President of the National Institute of Pressure Point Arts, and Sensei Mike Radzicki, a certified N.I.P.P.A. pressure point instructor. This tape is approximately 45 minutes in length. Techniques from the Guard

This tape focuses on using pressure points to get an opponent into the guard position, escape from the guard position, submit him from the guard position, and/or provoke a transition to a submission from the guard position. It stars North American Grappling Association Middleweight Champion Mark Corriveau, Master Robert Moran, President of the National Institute of Pressure Point Arts, and Sensei Mike Radzicki, a certified N.I.P.P.A. pressure point instructor. This tape is approximately 34 minutes in length. Counters to Takedowns

This tape focuses on using pressure points to take your opponent to the ground. It stars North American Grappling Association Middleweight Champion Mark Corriveau, Master Robert Moran, President of the National Institute of Pressure Point Arts, and Sensei Mike Radzicki, a certified N.I.P.P.A. pressure point instructor. This tape is approximately 40 minutes in length. Transitions and Submissions from the Mount

This tape focuses on using pressure points to transition out of a stalemate and/or submit your opponent from the mounted position. It stars North American Grappling Association Middleweight Champion Mark Corriveau, Master Robert Moran, President of the National Institute of Pressure Point Arts, and Sensei Mike Radzicki, a certified N.I.P.P.A. pressure point instructor. This tape is approximately 56 minutes in length.

Preventing Side Control

This tape focuses on using pressure points to escape when your opponent has you in side control. It stars North American Grappling Association Middleweight Champion Mark Corriveau, Master Robert Moran, President of the National Institute of Pressure Point Arts, and Sensei Mike Radzicki, a certified N.I.P.P.A. pressure point instructor. This tape is approximately 60 minutes in length. Transitions and Submissions from the Guard

This tape focuses on using pressure points to transition out of a stalemate and/or submit your opponent from the guard position. It stars North American Grappling Association Middleweight Champion Mark Corriveau, Master Robert Moran, President of the National Institute of Pressure Point Arts, and Sensei Mike Radzicki, a certified N.I.P.P.A. pressure point instructor. This tape is approximately 48 minutes in length. Transitions and Submissions with the Triangle

This tape focuses on using pressure points to supercharge applications of the triangle choke. It stars North American Grappling Association Middleweight Champion Mark Corriveau, Master Robert Moran, President of the National Institute of Pressure Point Arts, and Sensei Mike Radzicki, a certified N.I.P.P.A. pressure point instructor. This tape is approximately 45 minutes in length. Leg Attacks

This tape focuses on using pressure points to attack your opponent’s legs. It stars North American Grappling Association Middleweight Champion Mark Corriveau, Master Robert Moran, President of the National Institute of Pressure Point Arts, and Sensei Mike Radzicki, a certified N.I.P.P.A. pressure point instructor. This tape is approximately 58 minutes in length and is an excellent companion to our Kenpo Foot and Leg Attacks Made Easy, Toe Kick Training Tape #1, and Toe Kick Training Tape #2 tapes.

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